Regular exercise is really good for your physical and mental health. But sometimes, you can injure yourself when you play sports or exercise. Accidents, poor training practices or improper gear can cause them.
What are Sports Injuries?
Sports injuries are the injuries that typically occur while taking part in organized sports, competitions, training sessions, or various other fitness activities. There are many reasons that lead to these injuries such as improper training, lack of appropriate footwear or safety equipment, and rapid growth during puberty.
The most common types of Sports Injuries include:
- Ankle sprain – symptoms include pain, swelling and stiffness.
- Bruises – a blow can cause small bleeds into the skin.
- Concussion – mild reversible brain injury from a blow to the head, which may be associated with loss of consciousness. Symptoms include headache, dizziness and short term memory loss.
- Cuts and abrasions – usually caused by accidental falls. The knees and hands are more prone.
- Dental damage – a blow to the jaw can crack, break or dislodge teeth.
- Groin strain – symptoms include pain and swelling.
- Hamstring strain – symptoms include pain, swelling and bruising.
- Knee joint injuries – symptoms include pain, swelling and stiffness. The ligaments, tendons or cartilage can be affected.
- Nose injuries – either blood nose or broken nose, caused by a direct blow.
- Stress fractures – particularly in the lower limbs. The impact of repeated jumping or running on hard surfaces eventually stresses and cracks the bone.
Treatment of Sport Injuries:
Treatment often begins with the RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation) method to relieve pain, reduce swelling and speed healing. Other possible treatments include pain relievers, keeping the injured area from moving, rehabilitation and sometimes surgery.
What is RICE?
Rest is the first thing. The athlete should be stopped from performing any kind of sport and immobilize the injury.
Ice should be applied to the affected area to help relieve pain and reduce swelling caused by bleeding and fluid loss. Ice packs should be applied for about 15 minutes every few hours during the first 24 to 48 hours, but place a thin towel between skin and ice to prevent ice burn.
Compression is used to control swelling. Wrap a bandage or whatever you can find to do the job, around the injury and wrap it firmly.
Elevation also helps to reduce swelling. Raise the injured limb above heart level for the first 48 hours because even the effect of gravity can cause fluid from the injured area to be released and slow down the healing process, as does movement, which is why it is important to rest the limb.