It is common for a pregnant woman to experience abdominal pains during her pregnancy period. So many times, pregnant women complain of pain in their lower abdomen, back, groin area and thighs. There are many potential causes of such pains during pregnancy but most of the time, it’s nothing serious.
But severe or persistent abdominal pain during pregnancy should not be taken as normal. The point when one experiences abdominal pain or cramping along with spotting, bleeding, discomfort while urinating, vaginal discharge, and faintness, is when the doctor must be visited immediately.
Common Pregnancy Pains and Their Causes
As the body proportion is constantly changing when a woman is pregnant that may cause lot of discomfort. Some pregnancy discomforts may occur in the early weeks, while others show signs only closer to delivery time. Many pregnancy discomforts may appear early and then go away, only to come back later. This is normal and usually does not mean something is wrong.
Pregnancy Breast Changes
Most pregnant women will feel some change in their breast size. With the enlargement of the milk glands and increase in fat tissues, the breast size begins to increase, causing breast firmness and tenderness in the first and last few months of pregnancy. Bluish veins may also appear as your blood supply increases. Your nipples will also darken and thick fluid called colostrum may leak from your breasts. All of these breast changes are normal.
Your growing baby inside you takes a lot of energy, which may make you feel much more tired than usual. However, this is common during pregnancy period. Sometimes, feeling tired may be a sign of anemia (low iron in the blood), which is common during pregnancy.
Pregnancy Nausea or Vomiting
An upset stomach is one of the most common discomforts during pregnancy. Nausea is a result of hormonal changes and most often occurs early in pregnancy until your body adjusts to the increased production of hormones. Nausea can begin in early pregnancy, but is usually gone by the fourth month. It can occur at any time of the day but may be worse in the morning when your stomach is empty (this is often called “morning sickness”) or if you are not eating enough.
Headaches can be caused by tension, congestion, constipation, or in some cases, preeclampsia. They can occur anytime during pregnancy.
Dizziness can occur anytime middle to late pregnancy. The pregnancy hormone progesterone dilates blood vessels so blood tends to pool in the legs. In addition, more blood is going to your growing uterus. This can lower your blood pressure levels, especially when changing positions, resulting in dizziness. Faintness and dizziness can also be affected by poor eating habits.
Sharp, shooting pains on either side of your stomach may result from the stretching tissue supporting your growing uterus. These pains may also travel down your thigh and into your leg.
Bleeding can be considered as the first symptom of a miscarriage, followed by severe abdominal pain a few hours to a few days later. A profound sensation, similar to menstrual cramps, but it’s often stronger and rhythmic. Some women feel it as a low backache, others as a dull abdominal pain or pelvic pressure, but both refer to the same problem. It is important to know that a pregnant woman should call her doctor if she has any signs of a miscarriage, such as severe pain or heavy bleeding.