Biomechanics involves a complex evaluation of the structure, alignment and function of the feet, ankles, legs, thighs, hips and lower back. Our each foot is a complex system of 28 bones, 37 joints, 214 ligaments, 38 muscles and tendons, bearing our body weight as we walk every day.
Weight-bearing movement can be assessed on a treadmill by using hi-tech video and measuring equipment. It can also be assessed using the Orthomed Scanner which provides a 3D dynamic view of the foot ankle knee and hip motion.
What are the benefits of a biomechanical assessment?
If you are experiencing pain in your feet or lower limbs, but unable to establish the real cause behind it, then you should opt for biomechanical assessment of our lower limbs.
Biomechanical assessment includes evaluation of: Muscle strength, range-of-motion at important joints, and the angular relationships of the segments of the foot and leg. The information collected from a biomechanical assessment forms the basis for a rehabilitation programme, or if the problem is mechanical -an orthotic prescription.
What happens during a biomechanical assessment session?
Our podiatrist or chiropodist starts the biomechanical assessment by asking the details of your full medical history. Then you are asked to lie on a couch while the podiatrist examines the joint range of motion of hips, knees and feet. The muscle strength and weakness will also be assessed and diagnosis of a leg length discrepancy will be done. The podiatrist closely examines the structure of patient’s foot, looking at the relationship between the forefoot and rear foot.
Our podiatrists use video gait analysis as part of a biomechanical assessment. The patient will be asked to walk and run on the treadmill in order to precisely record your gait and the video will be played back for the podiatrist to examine. This technique enables the podiatrist to see whether there is any rotation in the pelvis during walking or running, any alignment problems and excessive foot movement.
Some of the injuries that can incur if your biomechanics are not working well include:
- Muscle imbalance of the feet and legs
- Ankle pain or discomfort in the ball of the foot
- Tightness in the calves and hamstrings
- Lower back pain
- Knee pain
- Hip pain
What sort of treatment will I need after a biomechanical assessment?
You are recommended different types of treatments after the completion of your biomechanical assessment session, depending upon your results. The podiatrist will advise on the best type of footwear in order to reduce the risk of foot problems if you have good structural foot mechanics. If the podiatrist finds out that your foot pain or injury is caused by poor mechanics then insoles or custom made orthotics will be prescribed.